Sorghum is a versatile grain crop, known for its drought resistance and wide adaptability. It belongs to the grass family and is a significant source of food, feed, and biofuel. Cultivated in both tropical and temperate regions, sorghum has various uses, including human consumption, animal feed, and ethanol production. Its resilience to harsh environments and low water requirements make it an essential crop in arid regions. Sorghum comes in various varieties, with different colors and sizes, and is rich in nutrients like protein, fiber, and antioxidants. It plays a vital role in food security and sustainable agriculture, contributing to the global economy and enhancing food systems.